How do choose a paint spray gun? This is not a complicated matter now. Read the article from first to last to find the solution.
Paint application technology
The procedure should be carried out at +5…+35°C and relative humidity not more than 80%. Spray guns work only with materials whose ignition temperature is not lower than 210°C.
To protect the respiratory organs during painting, respirators are needed, and to avoid the ingress of chemical liquids on the skin and into the eyes, gloves and protective glasses are needed. The room for work should be equipped with supply and exhaust ventilation. The surface ready for painting-clean, dry, fat–free, smooth-is additionally treated with sandpaper (P240-P600), after which the dust is removed.
The paint is filtered and diluted before work according to the instructions, otherwise, the supply to the nozzle will be difficult. The work can be carried out in the house or on the street, in different conditions. It should be borne in mind that the viscosity of the substance changes with increasing and decreasing temperature and humidity of the air. To measure the viscosity of the paint, a viscometer is used, if necessary, the material is diluted.
Some technologies, in particular, working with viscous substances in an auto repair shop, require constant pressure at the inlet. Therefore, even if there is a gearbox in such cases, it is recommended to install an additional device (WESTER 816-004 or 003) that prevents pressure loss on the airline.
Before painting the main surface, you need to make a few test movements. To prevent drips, spraying begins with small consumption of paint. First of all, they cover the outer side of the treated surface, corners, decorative elements, then the entire remaining area.
Spraying is carried out evenly from the edge to the center of the surface, gradually moving to cross movements. Before applying the second layer, a pause is maintained so that the paint has time to dry.
Electric spray guns of which company is it better to buy
Such a tool is quite common in the lines of European and Asian manufacturers. Russian, Belarusian, German, and Chinese goods are particularly popular. In terms of cost, they are all almost the same.
In the rating of the best companies, you can safely include:
- Bosch is a well-known German premium brand. This is an excellent choice for those who appreciate reliability, practicality, and the high quality of construction tools. Its products are the most expensive on the market, but this is quite logical.
- Wagner spray guns have been in the development of this international company since 2009. There are options here for both professionals and inexperienced users. Most products are provided with a 12-month warranty, for some of them, this period has been extended to three years.
- The largest dealer network in the world was organized by the manufacturers Bosch and Wagner.
Wagner, Graco, Fuji, Homeright, Titan are some of the companies that are at the top of popularity. There are also many more reputable companies.
Types of paint sprayers
Since the range of paint spray guns is quite large, you can go through the possible options for a very long time. At the same time, you can not focus only on the price: it will seem sky-high to someone, but the device will pay off very quickly, and someone will buy for a penny, will not get the desired result, and will pay again
Therefore, special attention should be paid to:
- The quality and thickness of the coating.
These indicators can be clarified by considering various types of paint guns.
Mechanical, or manual action
The simplest representatives of spray guns. Paint is not accurate enough, but, if desired, evenly. They are used for whitewashing the house or spraying the garden, because there is not enough power for painting, and the working pressure of the device is 0.4-0.6 MPa. It can work on the principle of a child’s water gun or be made in the form of a tank, into which paint is poured, and then air is pumped by a hand pump. An outlet hose with a spray gun is attached to the tank.
Having a very small price, the design is completely independent of the compressor and the power grid. But the quality of the work and the amount of consumable material leave much to be desired.
Pneumatic paint sprayers are considered the most powerful. They occupy the first place among the equipment for painting cars. As a rule, professionals prefer to work with such units, appreciating their good performance, high power, and high quality of the painting.
The entire operation of the pneumatic spray gun depends on the compressor with the receiver. Therefore, first of all, the operating pressure (max.), performance, and volume of the receiver, according to which the compressor is selected, are determined.
The peculiarity of the air electric spray gun is the spraying of liquids and mixtures using a pump that is located in the body of the gun. The spray guns of this series are unpretentious in use, compact, and operate from the most ordinary 220V network. The maximum thin layer of paint applied to the surface is identical to the layer of painting from pneumatic units. And, although the disadvantages include the appearance of a colorful “fog” during operation, the advantages prevail even with sufficient power, the spray gun produces a good performance – up to 0.35 l / min.
Electric airless (plunger)
Electric airless paint sprayer, a plunger – the piston is used to push the mixture out, whose frequent movements ensure a constant supply of paint. Despite the fact that electric airless paint sprayers are compact, easy to operate, and easy to clean, the quality of the work performed will not be ideal. Since there is no air blowing, it is impossible to get very small drops of liquid. But these paint sprayers (both domestic and professional) are perfect for applying viscous coatings.
Compact designs are similar to electric spray guns, only they are equipped with a battery, from which they work, and an additional tank for 1-2 liters. Visually, they are similar to a manual screwdriver. The devices are easy to use, they are characterized by a good level of painting, but the price is higher than that of models without a battery and the operating time is short, so they are relevant for small amounts of work.
The indisputable advantage of battery-powered paint guns is their mobility and the ability to work in the absence of an electrical network.
Taking a closer look, the designs can be compared with manual devices, only made in much larger sizes: a pump and a high-power electric motor are a separate mobile installation, a high-pressure hose, a professional paint sprayer. Spray guns with a huge number of adjustments have proven themselves well in various production areas when working on an industrial scale using a variety of types of paints.
The cost of spray guns
- A pneumatic spray gun costs from $10 to $700 depending on the manufacturer, the type of gun, and the availability of various adjustments.
- Plunger devices are in the same price category: $50-$150.
- The battery device will pull $70-$150.
- Mechanics can be taken for $20.
It will also be interesting for your friends
The need for repairs is always puzzling because you need to buy so many different tools… axes, saws, hammers, etc. Especially often there are problems with this when you have to paint the walls and ceilings or floor. In this case, using a brush or roller is somehow not very convenient, and it is not practical, and we decided to select the best electric spray guns for you, which will facilitate the task. This rating contains only carefully tested devices, and our goal is to help you choose the right model from a rich assortment.
Pros and cons of pneumatic spray guns
One of the most important and worthy competitors of the central pneumatic spray gun, especially in domestic use, is its electric counterpart. Tools of this type work on the principle of airless spraying, spitting out a stream of paint from the nozzle under high pressure. Electric spray guns are quite effective and have well-deserved popularity, but in some moments they are significantly inferior to air devices. Let’s look at the advantages and disadvantages of a pneumatic spray gun, relative to an airless sprayer.
- The quality of the paint layer created by a pneumatic spray gun has no equal and significantly exceeds the capabilities of the airless method.
- The reliability of the parts and the tool as a whole is very high. Since the pneumatic spray gun consists of metal parts that are resistant to wear and corrosion, it is quite difficult to disable it. It is difficult to say this about a plastic power tool.
- The versatility of the device, added by the possibility of changing the nozzles, allows you to use a spray gun for spraying materials of various degrees of viscosity. Electric spray guns, although they may have replaceable nozzles included, are still quite demanding on the consistency of the mixture (too liquid leaks, and thick sprays with difficulty).
- A compressor is required for an uninterrupted supply of compressed air. This item is not considered a disadvantage if the necessary equipment is already available in your household. If there is no air source, then buying it, together with a paint gun, a reducer, and a hose will cost 3-5 times more expensive than an electric spray gun.
- The high-quality coating requires experience and tool customization. There can be 2-3 regulators on the gun (air supply, material, and width of the torch). To properly calibrate the instrument, it is necessary to know its requirements for the volume of air supplied and to have a gearbox with a pressure gauge. Only by setting up the tool correctly, you can get the most uniform spraying.
- The cleanliness of the supplied air plays an important role in creating a perfectly flat surface (car painting). If moisture, oils, or dirt are present in the air, defects in the form of craters, spots, or bulges will necessarily form on the surface. For the most demanding tasks, a dehumidifier, or a whole air preparation unit is connected between the compressor and the gun. In defense of pneumatic tools, we can say that electric spray guns for such purposes do not pass the quality bar at all.
If your requirements for a spray gun are reduced to obtaining an absolutely even layer, then a pneumatic spray gun will be the best choice. If the task is limited to the household painting of walls and ceilings, or fences, and the smallest irregularities are acceptable, an electric tool can completely cope with this.
What else to pay attention to
It is also necessary to pay attention to the following:
- the weight of the device itself and the weight with a fully filled tank;
- what material is the device made of, plastic is destroyed when it comes into contact with an aggressive environment, so it is better if most of the elements are metal, especially the nozzle;
- availability and composition of the repair kit;
- the vibration level, for this purpose, select several models of the same type, take one in hand and turn on;
- the presence of an extension cord.
The master selects a nozzle of such a diameter that it is convenient for him to work, focusing on the following recommendations:
- for applying stains-1.4 mm;
- for base enamels-1.3-1.4 mm;
- for acrylic enamel and transparent lacquers-1.4-1.5 mm;
- for filler primers-1,7-1,8 mm;
- for liquid putties – 2 mm.
- The size of the nozzle for an airless spray gun is selected according to the marking, for example:
- 207-means the spray angle of 20°, the inner diameter is 0.007 inches (0.18 mm);
- 415-the spray angle is 40°, the inner diameter of the nozzle is 0.015 inches (0.38 mm).
Depending on the working pressure, there are 3 main types of tools:
- With low pressure (2-2. 5 atm). They are suitable for liquid and frequently replaced coatings with high-quality requirements. They are used in the aviation industry, automotive and furniture production, in the repair of residential premises, in everyday life.
- With an average (up to 3 bar, at the output up to 0.7). It is used for finishing the high-quality painting of any surface.
- With high pressure (up to 56 atm). They are suitable for applying viscous coatings, bitumen mastic, enamel primer. The quality of painting works is low because a strong pressure does not allow you to constantly adjust the flow. It is used in paint chambers and in large rooms, for processing facades of buildings.
Power for electric models
The power of electric spray guns is 0.5-0.9 kW, lower than that of pneumatic analogs. This parameter is important if you have to work with paint coatings of different viscosities. A cheap Chinese spray gun with a compressor power of less than 0.6 kW will be able to spray only the most liquid paint. There are also high-quality models with a capacity of 0.3-0.5 kW, the efficiency of which is achieved due to a special design.
They can work continuously for up to 30 minutes, they differ from devices operating from the network by the following characteristics:
- their power is less;
- the weight is larger (due to the built-in battery);
- the cost is higher.
The material of the paint tank and its dimensions
The tank of the spray gun is made:
- made of plastic-transparent, which allows you to control the consumption of paintwork, but they are difficult to wash after work;
- made of metal – they are easy to clean, but if not aluminum is used, but a heavier metal, this can additionally load the painter’s hands.
The smallest paint tank holds 150 ml. Containers with a volume of up to 600 ml are placed in the upper part of the device. The tanks located at the bottom have larger dimensions. They hold 700-1000 ml of paint and are suitable for repairing the garage, fence, ceiling, and walls of the apartment.
The largest tanks with a volume of 10-13 liters have paint stations used on construction sites.
Different types of compressors for painting are equipped with receivers of different volumes:
- household (garage) piston and single–cylinder have an air tank volume of 20-25 liters;
- semi-professional-50-100 liters;
- professional – from 200 liters.
The presence of a receiver is typical for remote compressors.
The parameter depends on the type of spray gun.
- manual spray gun – 150-200 m2;
- electric – 240-260 m2;
- pneumatic – when working with paints up to 400 m2, with putties up to 85 m2.
To choose the right pneumatic paint sprayer, you need to know the main types of devices that are different depending on the pressure and volume of air:
- HP (High Pressure) (pressure-high, air flow-low). The most budget option, although painting can be done at a very good speed. The required pressure is 5-6 bar, the paint loss is no more than 50%, a powerful compressor is required. These HP paint sprayers have an affordable price and are used for various types of painting works.
- HVLP (High Volume – Low Pressure) (pressure – low, volume – large). When using a high volume of air, the work is performed under low pressure. The outlet pressure barely reaches 1 bar, the torch is stable, the speed is excellent, the paint transfer is more than 65%. These HVLP paint sprayers are recognized as the most effective and pay off very quickly.
- LVMP (Low Volume-Middle Pressure) (pressure – medium, volume – small). The devices have high performance, air consumption is 270 l / min, the effective transfer is more than 65%, they are distinguished by the widest spray torch – 28 cm. The device does not work with hammer enamels and paints with abrasive elements.
- LVLP (Low Volume-Lou Pressure) (pressure-low, volume-small). Equipment of the highest category, useful transfer-up to 80%, sufficient air consumption-200 l / min. Pistols are expensive, but they differ in the minimum consumption of paintwork, a thin, even spray, and a very small amount of “fog”.
Types of spray guns
The weakest in the whole family, they do not differ in either special accuracy or speed of painting. But their cost is much lower than for any other models, so they are used quite often for simple tasks like whitewashing. The mechanics work on the principle of the most ordinary pumping chamber (as in a children’s water gun). By pressing the trigger several times, you pump air inside. And as soon as the pressure reaches 0.4-0.6 MPa, the valve opens, and the paint begins to exit through the nozzle.
- The simplest design;
- Paint fairly evenly;
- They do not require special skills in their work;
- Very low cost.
- The need to constantly pump air manually;
- A large percentage of the dispersion of the suspension.
Such spray guns are usually made of light, but durable aluminum. They efficiently, though not always economically, distribute paint coatings on the surface: the percentage of emulsion transfer, depending on the model, ranges from 45 to 70% – the rest of the paint is dispersed in the form of fog.
The main work here is performed by a compressor that supplies compressed air to the gun. It is capable of creating pressure from 0.7 to 2 bar at a gas flow rate of 150 to 1000 l / min. Pneumatic spray guns can have both a built-in tank with a volume of 0.5-2 liters and an external one connected through a hose. In the second case, the capacity for paint increases to 25 liters in models for home use and up to 600, if we are talking about professional equipment.
- High speed and excellent quality of the painting;
- The ability to use external tanks of very large volume;
- They work with any paint and varnish materials;
- They are simple and easy to maintain.
- This is a professional technique, and it is not cheap;
- The average percentage of paint loss at the output.
Electric Air spray Guns
These spray paint coatings are no longer under the pressure of compressed air, but with the help of a pump. Such a device works from a conventional 220 V network. Electric spray guns are compact, easy to disassemble and assemble, do not create problems during maintenance. All these advantages make air balloons very popular with home craftsmen.
The weight of the device with an empty tank is from 1.4 to 2.5 kg, up to 1 liter of paint is placed in the built-in container-that is, it is quite convenient to hold the spray gun by weight. But the transfer quality of such devices is somewhat lower than that of pneumatics. But good power and performance (about 0.35 l / min) make them indispensable for home use.
- Portability and lightweight;
- Easy to maintain;
- A large selection of attachments included;
- Good performance;
- Low cost.
- They work a little noisy;
- The quality of the painting is lower
Electric plunger (airless) spray guns
In such models, the emulsion is pushed out by a special piston plunger. The quality of painting here will not be the best, but due to the lack of air blowing, the formation of “fog” and the consumption of the mixture will noticeably decrease.
As a rule, an airless spray gun is a compact device with a tank with a capacity of 0.8-1.2 liters. The feed rate of LCM in “home” and professional models can vary within 0.3-30 l / min, which allows you to choose a suitable device for any amount of work. But the main thing is those plunger devices are able to suck paint directly from a bucket or jar through a special hose.
- Easy and convenient to use;
- Easy to clean;
- Sufficient performance;
- Economical paint consumption;
- Reasonable price.
- Low quality of the painting;
- You can use only acrylic and synthetic coatings.
In fact, these are the same electric models, only they do not work from the mains, but due to the battery charge. In appearance, the spray gun resembles a manual screwdriver – the same convenient and compact. The device is additionally equipped with a tank with a capacity of 1-2 liters, while its power and performance indicators almost do not differ from the characteristics of electric air tanks.
- Compact dimensions;
- They are convenient to work with;
- Many complete attachments;
- Not a bad quality of painting, but not perfect either.
- It is necessary to charge periodically;
- The average quality of the painting;
- The cost is higher than that of conventional electric models.
Paint sprayers for professional use
The pneumatic spray gun of the HVLP system is characterized by a high volume at low pressure. Such pistols were created in the late 80s of the last century. Their purpose is to protect the environment.
The air channel of the device has a special structure, which is why the paint is sprayed as follows: there is low pressure at the outlet, almost 0.7 atm, and high pressure at the inlet, about 3 atm. Therefore, the transfer of the material is 70%. The rest is lost in the air.
In addition, the HVLP spray gun at the output has a small flight speed of paint or varnish.
This property is an advantage of this model because there is a saving of material at the output.
In this case, a small foggy cloud is formed, but the composition should be sprayed at a close distance from the treated surface — no more than 15 cm. This is the main difference between the HVLP sprayer and the LVLP spray gun.
Before buying this pneumatic sprayer for painting cars, it is necessary to familiarize the user with the advantages and disadvantages of the device.
Advantages of the HVLP paint sprayer:
- The high economy of paint and varnish. Almost 70% gets to the surface.
- High performance.
- Does not harm the environment, the formation of a small foggy cloud.
- Do not leave garbage.
Disadvantages of the spray gun:
- High air consumption (over 360 l / min). Because of this, powerful and productive compressor equipment is needed.
- The large diameter of the air pipeline.
- Using an air filter. During the operation of the compressor, water and oil inclusions enter.
- Inconvenience when applied to hard-to-reach places. The distance to the treated surface is not more than 15 cm.
- The necessary level of knowledge of the painter. If the application of the material is delayed, there may be drips and layers.
The best industrial Pneumatic Spray Gun
Among the solutions produced by various companies, the Metabo F. B. 2200 HVLP model can be called such. This paint sprayer allows you to carry out long-term work without interruptions. Due to this, the coating is uniform and uniform without visible boundaries between the layers of paint.
The superiority over other models of this industrial spray gun was provided by the HVLP system — a large volume at low pressure. This helped to improve the quality of the coating with less consumption of the source material.
The model has an increased working resource, which was achieved thanks to the use of metal parts in the design. The tool is equipped with a convenient relief handle, which prevents it from slipping during the painting process.
The device is equipped with a tank with a volume of half a liter, which allowed to significantly increase the total coating time.
Thanks to the special design in the gun, you can gently adjust the paint supply. This allows you to create a coating with different thicknesses of the paint layer.
- supports operation with low-power amateur compressors with a volume of 250 cm3;
- high quality;
- increased tank volume;
- stable torch shape;
- smooth adjustment of the supply of compressed air and liquid coating;
- reduced consumption of the source material;
- the lightweight of the tool.
For high-quality and effective painting of surfaces, many builders, as well as home craftsmen, use pneumatic spray guns. This is a fairly productive tool that allows you to create a high-quality coating in a short time and with minimal effort.
So that the result of the work does not disappoint, it is necessary to choose this tool correctly. Spray guns have many important characteristics that must be taken into account when choosing.
It is best to do this together with a sales consultant or trust the manufacturer, who must necessarily be well-known. In any case, it does not hurt to familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the selected model and compare them with the tasks ahead before making a final decision.
Principle of operation and scope of application
The device is designed for uniform application and distribution of primers, mixtures, liquid rubber, enamel, paint, and other materials on different surfaces. The main function of the spray gun is the splitting of liquid solutions for their fine-dispersed spraying with a thin, even layer with a minimum number of smudges and bubbles.
For more than a hundred years, namely, so much time has passed since the appearance of the paint gun, it has changed, modernized, became much more productive and convenient. The principle of operation of spray guns (both electric and pneumatic) is the creation of a kind of aerosol from a liquid material in the form of tiny droplets, which is directionally transferred to the desired surface. Based on this, we can identify the main components of the devices:
- Spray gun with the trigger “on/off”.
- Tank for paintwork.
- Pressure regulator for the supply of paint and air.
- Airhead and spray head with a nozzle (nozzle).
- Filter and paint nozzle.
It is worth noting that in an electric device, the paint is broken by a moving elastic membrane, and the mixture is blown out by a pump (built-in). In pneumatic equipment, the driving force is a powerful stream of compressed air, which is pumped by a compressor and, getting into the spray gun, breaks up the liquid to the minimum possible particles.
To achieve the most uniform spraying, it is necessary to select and set the material-air balance in the optimal ratio. As a rule, the manufacturer specifies the input pressure parameters that are normal for a particular model of the device.
For the correct choice of a spray gun, it is important to know not only the principle of operation of the unit and its device but also to have an idea of the scope of application and the specific purpose of use. Knowing the exact object of painting – a car, doors, or ceiling-will greatly facilitate and narrow the search for the right model.
There are two main types of devices, electric and pneumatic, and they can be used for:
- Painting of metal structures.
- The whitewashing of premises.
- Applying a primer to the walls.
- Painting of ceilings and walls in buildings of various purposes.
- Fight against bacteria and fungi by applying an antiseptic on the surface.
- Treatment of metal parts with anti-gravity.
- Simplification of work on cleaning the walls from outdated wallpaper.
- Painting of car bodies and parts.
- Spraying of green spaces from pests.
- Coatings with varnish, paint, or staining of wooden surfaces.
- Coloring of small elements, hard-to-reach or relief places and corners.
- Decorations of confectionery products.
Which type of device is best suited
The paint consumption when using a device of any type is less than when painting with a roller or brush.
The main elements of the device:
- spray head;
- the trigger;
- the nozzle.
Mechanical hand-held spray guns
The device consists of a pump, a tank into which the paint is poured, and a hose with an attached sprayer. To create the working pressure in the tank, the air is pumped manually, and constant pumping is necessary during operation. The device will not have enough power when working with thick coatings, its nozzle will become clogged.
Choose a manual spray gun for the house for:
- rough repairs that do not require much accuracy;
- spraying plants in the garden;
- spraying of disinfectants.
The device is designed simply, so it rarely breaks.
The main working element of a pneumatic spray gun is a compressor that pumps air to the pressure specified in the settings. Pneumatic devices are equipped with nozzles of different diameters, suitable for working with materials of different granularity and viscosity.
Features of the equipment:
- high power and performance;
- high quality of the painting;
- large weight and dimensions;
- you can use all types of paints.
In many models, you can adjust the speed of air and paint supply. The container with paint can be placed in the upper, lower part of the spray gun or separately from it with a forced supply of material.
There are such types of designs of electric models:
- with a remote compressor in it, the paint is sprayed using a vacuum;
- with a built-in compressor that pumps up to 8 atm of pressure, the paint is broken down to a state of dust and is pushed out through the nozzles.
When sprayed under air pressure, the paint lies in a thin layer due to its low viscosity. Flying out of the nozzle under low pressure, not all of the paint reaches the surface to be painted, forming a fog. An air spray gun is suitable if the paint can be diluted, make it liquid.
Airless spray guns
In such a device, the spray gun is equipped with a nozzle with a cross-section several times smaller than with air spraying. The paintwork enters it through a hose under high pressure (up to 530 bar). When spraying, a powerful flow of paint particles overcomes the air resistance and reaches the painted surface without vortices. I.e., the paint transfer coefficient is higher.
Airless spray guns are chosen because of their high performance. Good quality of painting can be achieved by carefully selecting the nozzles and adjusting the pressure.
Features of working with this type of equipment:
- you can use viscous paints;
- on products of complex construction, the paint falls unevenly, forming swellings on convex areas;
- if the nozzle is selected incorrectly or the pressure is too high, the paint bounces off the surface, it is difficult for the master to keep up with the speed of its spraying, and it falls unevenly, forming streaks.
The selection of the nozzle diameter of the spray gun is also important for the painter — this can achieve optimal spraying of materials with different viscosities. The diameter of the nozzle should be the larger, the thicker the paint material. And vice versa.
Each manufacturer of paint and varnish materials clearly indicates which nozzle for which material and what type of work should be used. As a rule, these recommendations correspond to such values (or are not far from them):
- base enamels — 1.3-1.4 mm (for light colors, 1.3 is better);
- acrylic enamels and transparent lacquers-1.4-1.5 mm;
- liquid primary soils-1.3-1.5 mm;
- filler soils-1,7-1,8 mm;
- liquid putties-2-3 mm;
- anti-gravity coatings — 6 mm (special anti-gravity sprayer. materials).
It is not difficult to guess that the diameter of the nozzle very significantly affects the amount of paint passed through, its consumption. For example, it will be quite problematic to fill a large hood with a 1.3 mm nozzle with varnish (according to some painters, you can shoot yourself). Even if the paint supply is opened to full, the throughput with such a nozzle for a material of such viscosity will clearly be insufficient. Through a nozzle of 1.5 mm, all other things being equal, the paint and varnish material flows already by a third more than through a nozzle of 1.3 mm.
The run-up in the values of the nozzle diameters is also due to the habits of painters: someone likes to apply “thinly”, and someone is used to “fill”.